Responsible ownership

KLP is responsible for creating returns for the pension assets of more than 550,000 Norwegians. In total we manage over NOK 300 billion. We are responsible for managing this money in the best possible way.

We believe that being transparent about exclusions, including their rationale, is about taking responsibility for our choices. By doing so, we genuinely hope and believe this will lead to change. In the same way that we demand transparency from the companies in which we invest, we must be open about our work in relation to our customers and other stakeholders.

We continue to engage in dialogue with excluded companies with the aim of encouraging them to implement the changes needed to be once again suitable for investment.

Each half-year KLP announces which companies are excluded from our investments.

Announcement 

Announcement May, 2019 - KLP goes coal free

Decision to exclude companies that produce alcohol

Decision to exclude gambling companies

Announcement January, 2019 (Press release (in Norwegian))

Nordic American Tankers Ltd.

Companies excluded in 2018

Announcement regarding the exclusion of 4 new companies (Press release, September, 2018)

JBS SA

Luthai Textile Co. Ltd

PacifiCorp

Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association Inc.

Announcement regarding ship disposals (Press release, February 13th, 2018)

Aecom

Honeywell (change in basis for exclusion)

Atal

Evergreen Marine Corporation Ltd.

Korea Line Corporation

Precious Shipping PCL

Thoresen Thai Agencies PCL

 

Companies excluded in 2017

Coal companies (December, 2017)

Coal companies (June, 2017)

Scandinavian Tobacco Group

​Decision to exclude ETP, Phillips 66, Enbridge, and Marathon Petroleum

 

Companies excluded in 2016

Announcement December 22nd, 2016 (Press release)

Coal companies (December, 2016)

Duke Energy (change in basis for exclusion)

Eletrobras

Kosmos Energy Ltd. and Cairn Energy

Al Eqbal for Investment (tobacco)

Ceylon (tobacco)

June 21st, 2016 (Press release)

Coal companies (June, 2016)

Petrobras

San Leon Energy

ZTE Corporation

HM Sampoerna (tobacco)

ST Engineering Financial (weapons)

Companies excluded in 2015

December 8th, 2015

Coal companies 30%

BAE Systems

Fluor Corporation and Huntington Ingalls Industries

Glencore

Genting Berhad and Genting Plantations Berhad

IJM Corporation Berhad and IJM Plantations Berhad

June 1st, 2015

Coal companies

China Railway Group Ltd.

Cemex SAB de CV and HeidelbergCement

Noble Group Ltd.

Sabanci Holdings (Haci Omer) (tobacco) (Press release)

Companies excluded in 2014

Coal companies (Press release)

POSCO, Daewoo International Corp., and Olam International (Press release)

Agrium Inc. (Press release)

Companies excluded in 2013

Tokyo Electric Power Company (Press release)

WTK Berhad, Ta Ann Berhad, Zijin Mining, Volcan Compañia Minera, Zuari Agro Chemicals (Press release)

Total S.A. (Press release)

The process of analysis

Incident

GES carries out daily news searches in thousands of news sources such as news media, industry journals, newsletters, UN organisations and the authorities to sweep up all potential violations of the guidelines. The Ethical Council also uses similar information searches. The Ethical Council investigates cases on its own initiative or as a result of external approaches or directives from the Norwegian Ministry of Finance.

Investigation       

GES then investigates the event by contacting the company and other interested parties, for example international organisations and NGOs (non-governmental organisations) to collect the facts and create the most objective picture possible. All allegations have to be confirmed by the company itself or by a trustworthy official source, for example the authorities or UN bodies. The Ethical Council has its own secretariat which investigates the cases.

Dialogue     

GES contacts the company for their comments and a dialogue concerning the event on our behalf. In a number of cases KLP also has direct contact with the company. Dialogue with companies is normally a combination of meetings, e-mail correspondence and telephone conferences. The aim is that the company should work to improve so exclusion can be avoided. KLP's experience is that a strategy that combines dialogue and exclusion is effective, since openness concerning our work gives weight to the demands we make.

Satisfactory result?       

If the investigation concludes that the company is associated with breach of norms and over a period of time does not show responsibility or willingness to tackle the problems, GES will recommend KLP withdraws. To avoid exclusion the company must fulfil four requirements:

  1. The reported activity has ceased.
  2. The company has handled the activity and the consequences in a responsible way.
  3. The company has systems and procedures in place to prevent similar occurrences in future.
  4. Paragraphs 1-3 are verified.

The divestment decision can also be revoked if there are no continued grounds for the exclusion.

Exclusion    

The dialogue with the company continues after KLP has sold its shares. The aim remains that the company should improve its policy and its procedures so that they no longer breach our ethical guidelines, and therefore it becomes open once again for investment. The four requirements above also apply for the company to be re-included.

Re-instatement

The dialogue with the company continues after KLP has sold its shares. The aim remains that the company should improve its policy and its procedures so that they no longer breach our ethical guidelines, and therefore it becomes open once again for investment. The four requirements above also apply for the company to be re-included.

Implementation in KLP's asset management

When the list of excluded companies is approved by KLP, it is made known to all managers, both external and internal. The list is also included as part of the audit procedures in our mid-office: any breaches will be captured, reported and corrected.

Publication

KLP publishes exclusions and re-inclusions twice a year (in June and in December). The Ethical Council publishes its advisories continuously.

External asset management

In those funds, investment companies and collective structures in which KLP is a part-owner and cannot directly influence the company's or the fund's investment practices, principles and policy will be maintained through selection criteria and active exercise of ownership. KLP continuously monitors how external managers and funds maintain responsible investment practice. If asset management conflicts with KLP's principles and policy, consideration will be given to withdrawing investment funds. In general KLP wants to encourage other investors to move ahead in this area. Entering into agreements on external asset management or other matters can provide a good opportunity for us to influence other investors and other parts of the finance industry towards a responsible investment strategy.

Rebalancing the portfolios

When a company is excluded, the portfolio is re-balanced on industry group level in order to minimize the financial effect of any exclusion.

 

Criteria forreinstatement

  1. The reported activity has ceased.
  2. The company has handled the activity and the consequences in a responsible way.
  3. The company has systems and procedures in place to prevent similar occurrences
    in the future.
  4. Paragraphs 1-3 are verified.

The divestment decision can also be revoked if there are no continued grounds for the exclusion.

Announcements of reinstated companies 2019

July 2th, 2019

Rio Tinto

Walmart

Grupo Carso

General Dynamics

Nutrien

Announcements of reinstated companies 2017

December 4th, 2017

Alstom

Chevron

L-3 Technologies Inc. (Press release)

June 1st, 2017

Singapore Technologies Engineering and ST Engineering Financial 1 (Press release)

Announcements of reinstated companies 2016

December 8th, 2016

Adris Grupa (Press release)

June 21st, 2016

Total SA (Press release)

Announcements of reinstated companies 2015

December 8th, 2015

Cemex SAB de CV

Wesfarmers

Power Asset Holdings and Turqouise Hill Resources

June 1st, 2015

Dongfeng Motor Group (Press release)

Announcements of reinstated companies 2014

Yahoo! Inc. (Press release)

Announcements of reinstated companies 2013

Toyota Motor Group (Press release)

FMC Corporation (Press release in Norwegian)

Bridgestone (Press release in Norwegian)

BAE Systems (Press release in Norwegian)

Announcements of reinstated companies 2012

Duke Energy (in Norwegian)

Announcements of reinstated companies 2011

China Mengniu Diary (in Norwegian)

 

Announcements of reinstated companies 2010

G4S

United Technologies

McDermott International (in Norwegian)

 

The Guidelines for KLP as a responsible investor provide that companies associated to gross or systematic violations of international norms shall be excluded from KLP's and the KLP funds' portfolios. KLP excludes companies that are in breach with international standards in the following areas:

 
BEHAVIOUR BASED EXCLUSION EXCLUSION
  • Human rights
  • Employeerights
  • Environmentaldestruction
  • Corruption
  • Business ethics
  • The rights of individuals in situations of war or conflict
  • Other fundamental ethicalnorms
  • Weapons in breach of fundamental humanitarian principles
  • Tobacco
  • Companies that earn a substantial portion of their revenues from coal-based activities or oil sands

The ten principles of the UN Global Compact, a UN network for business, provide the framework for the exclusion criteria, which KLP, through its membership, has committed to honouring. These principles cover human rights, employee rights, the environment, and corruption.

KLP's guidelines are aligned with the Guidelines for observation and exclusion from the Norwegian Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG). We therefore therefore take account of exclusions carried out by the Norwegian GPFG based upon the Ethical Council's recommendations.

These matters are also spelt out for business in the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, as well as the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. KLP and the KLP Mutual Funds refer to additional specific conventions and international standards in the concrete exclusion decisions.